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Urethral Cancer

Urethral cancer is the formation of cancerous cells in the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine -- and in men, semen -- from the body. This cancer is often associated with invasive bladder cancer, which tends to spread to adjacent soft tissue. Urethral cancer is rare and can occur at any age. There are several types of urethral cancer that may form: Squamous cell carcinoma, Transitional cell carcinoma, Melanoma and Adenocarcinoma. If you have been diagnosed with Urethral cancer, please speak with your physician to secure a precise diagnose and treatment options.


The symptoms of urethra cancer do not develop until the later stages of the disease. As the cancer grows, some patients may notice a lump or growth on the urethra. Others may notice pain or bleeding that accompanies urination. Please speak with your physician if you have any urinary concerns. 

Risk Factors:

  • HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
  • Chronic infection /chronic inflammation

Evaluation & Diagnosis:

After evaluating you with a history and physical exam, your practitioner may order a cystoscopy to look at the urethra and bladder. A tissue biopsy is essential to diagnose urethral cancer. If cancer is found, further imaging will be done to stage the tumor such as CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis, MRI, chest X-ray and bone scans. 


Treatment of urethral cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the type of cancer and the patient's age and overall health. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. In some cases, treatments are combined.